Sanding a floor from time to time helps it retain elegance. You can do it yourself by hand or electrically driven sanding machines which have become popular off late and can be hired. Here are a few tips that will help you in sanding your floor and giving it that new look:
Carefully sweep all dirt, dust and other debris from the floor. Set all the protruding nails to avoid damage to the sanding machine. Hardwood floors normally require two cuts but uneven floors might require more.
The first cut should be done with coarse or medium abrasive and the final with a fine abrasive for smoother finish.
Buff the floor with steel wool using a machine. But avoid using this on oak floors which aren’t protected with a finish as this might result in iron stains on the floors.
If you are sanding planks and strips the cut should be made along the direction of the planks and strips. For uneven floor you might need to make a 45 degree angle in the first cut. This will remove any peaks or valleys caused by minute variation in thickness of the strips or in the subfloor.
Use an edger after each pass to finish any areas which were not previously sanded such as edges, corners and areas around radiators which are difficult to reach with the electrically driven sanding machines.
Inspect the floor to see that all blemishes and visible scratches have been removed and that a smooth surface has been produced.
Use an open face paper to remove the old finish. The heat and abrasion of the sanding operation may make the old finish clog the sand paper.
In case you aren’t able to satisfactorily repair old flooring then apply a new finish to the floor to make it look elegant.